On Monday 17 October 2016, a crew member on board the Dutch heavy lifter Atlantic Dawn, lost his life. He was painting the inside of an unused waste water tank in the engine room while the vessel was anchored near the coast of Saudi Arabia. This involved a very serious accident as specified in the Casualty Investigation Code of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) and EU Directive 2009/18/EC. Pursuant to the above, as the flag state, the Netherlands has the duty to arrange a safety investigation. This duty to investigate is also laid down in the Besluit Onderzoeksraad voor Veiligheid (‘Dutch Safety Board Decree’).